Land, sea & mountain rescues

Land, sea & mountain rescues

With challenging weather, desert terrain and a 711.7 nautical mile (1,318 kilometre) coastline the United Arab Emirates’ (UAE) National Search and Rescue Centre (NSRC) provides federal search and rescue (SAR) services for all land, sea and mountain rescues. Tom Withington puts the NSRC in the spotlight for FME readers.

Established in 2013 by His Highness, Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed al Nahyan, President of the United Arab Emirates, Supreme Commander of the United Arab Emirates Armed Forces and Ruler of Abu Dhabi, SAR operations are executed using the NSRC’s Joint Rescue Coordination Centre and Mission Control Centre which are used to coordinate immediate requests for search planning, SAR and SAR unit coordination. This is in addition to providing immediate medical attention during emergencies and transporting people to safe locations in the wake of an incident.

Although the NSRC does not own any SAR resources, it works very closely with the UAE’s armed forces and with the police and commercial organisations “to provide support for on-call or immediate rescue or medical evacuation requests.” Importantly the UAE armed forces and the police have several assets at their disposal to assist SAR operations including aircraft, ships and vehicles. 

Weather and environment

The NSRC deals with a whole host of emergencies, the type of which tend to vary according to the time of year and local weather. Moreover, as tourism has expanded in the UAE and also its maritime approaches, so have requests for SAR assistance.

“As the weather improves in the fall and winter, requests typically come from camping or hiking incidents. During the rainy season, requests usually come from persons (and families) trapped in rising water in mountain wadis.” Similarly, local deserts in the UAE pose their own unique challenges; observes Mr. Mohammed al Hobsi, the NSRC’s director of operations “In the hot season, the NSRC coordinates the rescue of persons stranded in the desert that may or may not be an emergency now but could develop into an issue if left unresolved.” 

The NSRC also addresses requests for assistance in the maritime domain with the responsiveness of the NSRC underpinned by its constant vigilance of Very High Frequency (VHF) maritime distress channels. As per the UAE’s support to international treaty obligations, the NSRC maintains a 24-hour watch on an emergency maritime communication VHF frequency that allows for direct communication with vessels operating around the UAE. However, as well as bringing its own challenges to those individuals journeying into the desert, or sailing through the UAE’s waters, the region’s weather can also create problems for the rescuers tasked with responding to calls for help: “The local weather typically is the most severe aspect of conducting rescue operations,” continues Mr. al Hobsi,: “Some times of the year are extremely warm. As the weather cools, rescue units must deal with dense fog. In the winter, high winds and rough sea states
are an issue.”

Training and technology

Looking towards the future, training and technology play important parts in the continued evolution of the NSRC and its mission. In terms of its workforce, “The majority of the NSRC staff come from second career persons with aviation, maritime or air traffic control experience,”
Mr. al Hobsi remarks. Training is central to the organisation’s investment in its staff, and the centre “typically brings in international experts to provide training courses on various topics relating to search planning, on-scene coordination and other crisis management fields.

As well as keeping watch on the UAE land and maritime environs to provide a timely response to those in distress, the NSRC keeps a close watch on technological trends which can help to save lives and improve the responsiveness of SAR personnel in the UAE and beyond. To this end, Mr. al Hobsi says that the NSRC is interested in technology to enhance and improve emergency radio beacons. Known formally as Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons these devices can be used by aircraft, ships or people on land to transmit a radio signal which can be detected by satellites. This signal can then be used by SAR personnel to locate the source of the transmission to facilitate the rescue. 

In addition, the NSRC works closely with neighbouring nations to provide a timely and efficient response to emergency situations which may involve multiple countries. The UAE borders Saudi Arabia in the west and south, and Oman in the east. On a day-to-day basis telephone, fax and electronic communications provide means of assisting the coordination of SAR efforts with neighbours as and when required, Mr. al Hobsi continues. Over the longer term, he adds that “the NSRC is working towards formal bi-lateral agreements with neighbouring countries” in the SAR domain.